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A woman conducting physical therapy exercises via telehealth with a licensed professional.

Best practice guide

Telehealth for physical therapy
For providers Best practice guides Telehealth for physical therapy

Billing for tele-physical therapy

Discover best practices for virtual PT reimbursement.

As you prepare to launch your tele-PT program or improve your existing practice, take time to fully understand your billing options. You may need to consider additional training so your office is ready to seamlessly handle telehealth billing.

Get more information on billing for direct-to-consumer telehealth.

Medicare billing guidance

During the COVID-19 public health emergency, Medicare pays for real-time face-to-face telehealth furnished by physical therapy providers and physical therapy assistants under Medicare Part B.

Coding guidance is subject to change. Please refer to the complete list of telehealth services covered by Medicare from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Please note that there are no “telehealth-specific” CPT codes for physical therapy. The following codes are eligible to be used for reimbursement of tele-PT services.

Category Telehealth-eligible CPT codes

Physical therapy evaluations

97161, 97162, 97163, 97164

Therapy procedure using exercise


Neuromuscular reeducation


Therapeutic procedures


Therapeutic activities


Self-care/home management training


Wheelchair management


Functional capacity evaluation


Assistive technology assessment


Orthotic training


Orthotic, prosthetic training


More resources

Medicare Coverage and Payment of Virtual Services exit disclaimer icon  (video) — from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Current State Laws & Reimbursement Policies exit disclaimer icon  — from the National Policy Center - Center for Connected Health Policy

Medicaid billing guidance

Medicaid does provide telehealth reimbursement, but not in all states.

Check the policy issued by your state Medicaid agency exit disclaimer icon  to confirm whether or not your state’s program currently reimburses for telehealth for PT services. Medicaid policies on the originating site and real-time vs asynchronous services also differ among states, so check each state and managed care organization’s policy.

Last updated: August 26, 2022

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